Discussion: Nurses Working to Prevent Disease at Home

Discussion: Nurses Working to Prevent Disease at Home

Discussion: Nurses Working to Prevent Disease at Home


Role of the Nurse in Public and Global Health

Week 4

Nurses Working to Prevent Disease at Home

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
(CDC) (2016), a vaccination has not been found to prevent the Zika virus, a
disease that has been transmitted to humans through mosquito bites from
mosquitoes that are most active during the day. Zika has been found in many
countries around the globe, and its range is expanding. The symptoms of Zika
are generally mild, last about a week, and include fever, rash, joint pain,
and/or conjunctivitis. Symptoms are generally so mild that many victims will
not know they have been infected, but about 20% of those individuals who are
bitten will develop Zika. The most concerning symptom of Zika affects pregnant
women, whose babies may develop microcephaly.

In general, the CDC (2016) has recommended that people wear
long-sleeved shirts and long pants when outside and apply insect repellant
beforehand to avoid getting bitten. People who possibly have been infected with
the Zika virus are urged to use a condom during sexual contact to avoid
spreading the virus to others. In fact, some countries, such as El Salvador,
have recommended that women avoid pregnancy for the next two years (The New
York Times, 1/25/16). The CDC has also recommended that any vessels or
containers of open water be protected from access to mosquitoes so that
breeding cycles are disrupted. Brazil has begun a massive campaign to stop
mosquitoes from accessing breeding grounds by closing their access to water
collection systems and other sources of standing or still water. Could
something like the Zika virus begin in your neighborhood?

In this Discussion, you will examine your neighborhood
through the eyes of the public health nurse or a nurse epidemiologist.

To prepare for this Discussion:

Walk around a two-block radius near where you live or work.

Look to see if you can spot any areas where mosquitoes may
reproduce. These sites may include abandoned tires, rainwater collection
systems that have been installed at homes, parks or golf courses, low sections
at roadsides or near sidewalks, and the like. You may include pictures of sites
that you find to enhance your discussion thread.

Note any positive or negative findings that you observe.
Have steps been taken to prevent mosquito breeding?

Find out what your community health department does for
mosquito abatement.

Discover who in your community you would contact to report
deficiencies/negative findings.

Determine what you can do, as a PHN, to change policy to
reduce mosquito breeding grounds in your neighborhood.

By Day 3

Post your findings regarding mosquito breeding grounds in a
two-block radius near where you live or work. Include any preventative strategies
you can see that are already in place. Report on the role your local health
department plays in mosquito abatement and to whom you would report negative
findings. Then, describe your role as a BSN in changing policy to ensure a
healthier climate (reduced mosquito breeding grounds) in your neighborhood.

Support your response with references from the professional
nursing literature.

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